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Best Astrophysics Universities in 2022-2023

May 5, 2022

Best global colleges and universities for Astrophysics in the world

About Astrophysics

Astrophysics is the study of astronomical objects through the principles of physics. Astrophysicists try to comprehend the complexities of our universe by examining things like the sun, solar system, dark matter, black holes, exoplanets, the interstellar medium, and other relevant parts of our cosmology. With years of research in space science, but we still know only a minuscule fraction of it. Therefore, the demand for people in astrophysics is now higher than ever.

Studying Astrophysics will develop your understanding of the physics of astronomy, covering all related topics from black holes to extrasolar planets. Courses are usually highly interactive where you learn through modern observation technology and research facilities offered by the top Universities for Astrophysics in the world. 

Areas of Study under Astrophysics

  • Quantum physics and electromagnetism
  • Quantum mechanics and relativity
  • Particle and atomic physics
  • Big bang cosmology
  • Mathematics for physics including calculus
  • Thermal properties of matter
  • thermodynamics
  • Statistical mechanics
  • Electromagnetism

Popular degrees under Astrophysics

Other than the most popular degrees of Bachelor and Master in Astrophysics, there are several other degrees available for interested students to look into.

Astrophysics and Astronomy are mostly clubbed together in one program for a holistic understanding of the subject matter. Cosmology and Space studies are other popular courses. Different universities offer different programs in astrophysics.

For Bachelor Level

  • Bachelor in Astrophysics
  • Bachelor of Science in Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Bachelor of Science in Physics  and Astrophysics
  • Bachelor in Astrophysics and Atmospheric Sciences

For Master Level

  • MSc in Astrophysics
  • MSc in Cosmology
  • Master in Particle Physics and Astrophysical Sciences
  • Master in Space Studies
  • Master of Science in Astrophysical Sciences and Technology

Duration of Programs in Astrophysics

Country Bachelor’s level Master’s level
United States 4 years 2 years
United Kingdom 3-4 years 1-2 years
Australia 3 years 2 years
Canada 4 years 1-3 years

Top 50 global universities for Astrophysics based on popular rankings

QS Rank THE Rank University Country Bachelor Master
1 4 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) USA Click Here Click Here
2 1 Harvard University USA Click Here Click Here
3 2 Stanford University USA Click Here Click Here
4 5 University of Cambridge UK Click Here Click Here
5 6 University of Oxford UK Click Here Click Here
6 3 University of California, Berkeley (UCB) USA Click Here Click Here
7 8 California Institute of Technology (Caltech) USA Click Here Click Here
8 7 Princeton University USA Click Here Click Here
9 9 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Switzerland Click Here Click Here
10 34 The University of Tokyo Japan Click Here Click Here
11 NA University of Chicago USA Click Here Click Here
12 13 Imperial College London UK Click Here Click Here
13 16 Yale University USA Click Here Click Here
14 11 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) USA Click Here Click Here
15 27 Columbia University USA Click Here Click Here
16 19 EPFL Switzerland Click Here Click Here
16 22 Technical University of Munich Germany Click Here Click Here
18 10 National University of Singapore (NUS) Singapore Click Here Click Here
19 41 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) USA Click Here Click Here
20 25 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign USA Click Here Click Here
20 26 University of Toronto Canada Click Here Click Here
22 15 Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU) Singapore Click Here Click Here
23 24 Cornell University USA Click Here Click Here
24 17 Tsinghua University China Click Here Click Here
25 85 Université PSL France Click Here Click Here
26 12 Peking University China Click Here Click Here
27 58 Kyoto University Japan Click Here Click Here
28 NA Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München Germany Click Here Click Here
29 NA Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Germany Click Here Click Here
30 126-150 Universit Paris-Saclay france Click Here Click Here
31 20 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor US Click Here Click Here
32 46 Seoul National University South Korea Click Here Click Here
33 23 University of Texas at Austin USA Click Here Click Here
34 201-250 Lomonosov Moscow State University Russia Click Here Click Here
35 93 The Australian National University Australia Click Here Click Here
36 201-250 Sapienza University of Rome Rome Click Here Click Here
36 77 Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) Japan Click Here Click Here
36 36 UCL UK Click Here Click Here
39 NA University of Amsterdam Netherlands Click Here Click Here
40 101-125 Institut Polytechnique de Paris france Click Here Click Here
41 401-500 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT / Moscow Phystech) Germany Click Here Click Here
42 NA Sorbonne University France Click Here Click Here
42 89 The University of Edinburgh UK Click Here Click Here
44 49 University of British Columbia Canada Click Here Click Here
44 88 University of Maryland, College Park USA Click Here Click Here
46 44 The University of Manchester UK Click Here Click Here
47 14 Georgia Institute of Technology USA Click Here Click Here
48 21 Delft University of Technology Netherlands Click Here Click Here
48 56 KIT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Germany Click Here Click Here
50 28 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong Click Here Click Here

Top Universities for Astrophysics in the USA

The United States of America boasts the highest number of top-ranking universities for astrophysics in the world. These universities are on the top of their games for quality education, renowned educators, exceptional research facilities, and equipment for astrophysics. To study in the USA, students can look into the following universities offering programs in astrophysics. Different top universities offer bachelor studies in astrophysics in USA for

QS Rank THE Rank University Country Bachelor Master
1 4 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) USA Click Here Click Here
2 1 Harvard University USA Click Here Click Here
3 2 Stanford University USA Click Here Click Here
6 3 University of California, Berkeley (UCB) USA Click Here Click Here
7 8 California Institute of Technology (Caltech) USA Click Here Click Here
8 7 Princeton University USA Click Here Click Here
11 NA University of Chicago USA Click Here Click Here
13 16 Yale University USA Click Here Click Here
14 11 University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) USA Click Here Click Here
15 27 Columbia University USA Click Here Click Here
19 41 University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) USA Click Here Click Here
20 25 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign USA Click Here Click Here
23 24 Cornell University USA Click Here Click Here
31 20 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor USA Click Here Click Here
33 23 University of Texas at Austin USA Click Here Click Here
44 88 University of Maryland, College Park USA Click Here Click Here
47 14 Georgia Institute of Technology USA Click Here Click Here

Top Universities for Astrophysics in the UK

For students wishing to study astrophysics, studying in the UK might be a pristine choice. The UK has some of the best universities for astrophysics in the world. It is a top study destination for international students. UK universities have amazing student life, top-notch research facilities, exceptional educators and a great environment to learn and grow. 

QS Rank THE Rank University Country Bachelor Master
4 5 University of Cambridge UK Click Here Click Here
5 6 University of Oxford UK Click Here Click Here
12 13 Imperial College London UK Click Here Click Here
36 36 UCL UK Click Here Click Here
42 89 The University of Edinburgh UK Click Here Click Here
46 44 The University of Manchester UK Click Here Click Here

Best Universities for Ph.D. in Astrophysics

Ph.D. in astrophysics normally takes about 4-7 years depending on the university chosen. Several funding options are available to candidates pursuing their Ph.D. given a strong academic background. Students are expected to engage in several research projects and training during their Ph.D. Some universities require Ph.D. students to serve as teaching assistants.

Institution Location
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) USA
Princeton University USA
University of California – Berkeley USA
Harvard University USA
California Institute of Technology USA
Yale University USA

Best countries to study Astrophysics

Many universities offer astrophysics education through Ph.D. programs in astrophysics and/or astronomy. Students enrolled in these doctoral programs will receive training in stellar systems, statistics, and cosmology, among other varied topics. Astrophysics is a program offered in many different countries. Some of the best astrophysics universities in the world are in the following countries. 

  • USA
  • UK
  • Germany
  • Japan
  • Netherlands
  • Switzerland
  • France
  • Canada

Academic requirements for studying Astrophysics

The academic requirements for studying astrophysics vary from country to country and from university to university. No GRE tests are required for Bachelor’s level but most universities require applicants to take the GRE test for master’s. Entrance tests may be conducted by some universities for both bachelor’s and master’s studies.

For Bachelor Level

  • Previous qualification should be in a physics-, mathematics- or astronomy-based subject
  • IELTS score of 6 or above. TOEFL is also accepted.
  • Entrance tests are conducted by universities

For Master’s Level

  • Undergraduate degrees in physics, astrophysics, or any astronomy-based subject.
  • Three personal letters of recommendation 
  • General GRE scores 
  • Official transcripts from all universities attended.
  • IELTS or TOEFL scores    

Career Scope in Astrophysics

All employers recognize that physics graduates have mastered problem-solving skills and the ability to think logically and critically about complex situations. The fact that they also have a high level of mathematical ability, IT proficiency, and communication skills provides graduates with opportunities in a diverse range of careers after studying Astrophysics.

Astrophysics graduates are sought after by many sectors, including

  • The space industries
  • Engineering
  • Manufacturing
  • Finance
  • Medicine
  • Energy 

Average salary of Astrophysics Graduates

Graduates in graphic communication attract the following salaries in different countries. Salaries in this field are highly dependent on the relevant experience one has accumulated and the ability to research and stay updated on relevant trends in the industry.   

Country Average Annual Salary in USD*
United States 75,000
United Kingdom 54,172
Canada 83,655
Australia 64,417

*Note: Average annual salaries from countries except for the US, have been converted from their respective local currencies to USD at the current exchange rates. Exchange rates are subject to periodic change.

Frequently Asked Questions

For Bachelor’s level, the program duration is usually 3-4 years. For master’s, it is usually 1-2 years and for doctorate level, it is 4-7 years depending on the university.

The USA, UK, Germany, Japan, China, Switzerland, etc are some of the best countries to study Astrophysics. These countries have the top-ranking universities in the world for astrophysics.

Apart from the space science sector, they also work in education, engineering, manufacturing, healthcare, etc. The skills learned while studying astrophysics are widely useful in other areas as well.

Some universities require the candidates to take IELTS or TOEFL even for studying astrophysics. It depends on the university. 

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