Best Nursing Colleges and Universities in the World
Nursing involves providing care and assistance to patients for treating their health conditions, any illness, or assist in their daily activities due to physical disability. The nursing profession emphasizes the well-being of families and communities to ensure the expected health level and life expectancy. Nurses may work at an organizational level in hospitals, care centers, or at a household level for a particular person or a family. At a corporate level, working in a hospital would include assisting doctors in their tasks, keeping a track record of the patient’s health, and giving patients the necessary medicines or treatments required in a timely manner to ensure their recovery and well-being. Nurses are needed for every significant medical activity, from surgeries to inoculating vaccines. They are the backbone of the health sector (especially during pandemics).
Duties of a Nurse
- Assist doctors in performing critical operations and surgeries.
- Provide medications and treatments to the patients in a timely manner.
- Maintaining and keeping track of patients’ health records.
- Providing advice, counseling to the patients if required about their health condition.
- Assisting the hospital administration in conducting essential activities such as vaccine inoculation drives, public health awareness campaigns, and the usage of medical equipment in a safe and appropriate manner.
Qualities of a Good Nurse
Nurses are the backbone of the medical sector and play a pivotal role in ensuring proper healthcare and drug administration. The most essential quality of a nurse is to be good in communication and be empathetic towards patients, as it is necessary to keep the patients optimistic about their health and recovery during their tough time in hospital. Another critical quality expected out of nurses is critical thinking. They may sometimes have to make significant decisions for patients in the absence of a doctor.
Most importantly, nurses should have a sense of serving society as their work may not be fixed and certain during a particular situation. They may need to work under extreme pressure, work overtime and even work on weekends and holidays during an unprecedented and unexpected crisis (such as the covid-19 pandemic). This might not be possible if one does not desire to serve society and looks at nursing as a typical job for earning money. Nurses should also be able to pay attention to the smallest of the details in the patient’s health record administration of medicine to ensure that medication and treatment are going as per the plan and requirement of the patient.
Popular degrees for pursuing a career in Nursing
- Bachelor of Science in Nursing
- Associate degree in Nursing
- Bachelor of Health Care in Nursing
- Master of Science in Nursing
- Master of Science (Nursing education)
- Master of Science (Healthcare administration)
Ph.D. and doctorate level
There are several specializations that one can choose to work in or research. If one is interested in entering academia and teaching nursery courses or skills, nursing education is the most suitable specialization. To become a faculty and academic advisor, one is expected to complete a Ph.D. in Nursing (general or field-specific).
Specializations under Nursing
Different areas of the medical sector require different types of training and education. After a bachelor’s degree, one is expected to pick a specific area to study and work as a nurse. Some of the specializations under nursery are-
- Cardiac Nurse: Heart disease is one of the top causes of death in the world today. With the increasing number of patients suffering from heart diseases, the demand for cardiac nurses continues to rise. As a cardiac nurse, one will be involved in surgical operations such as bypass, angioplasty, pacemaker surgery, etc.
- Infection Control Nurse: Requires nurses to be registered. These nurses work to prevent the spreading of highly infectious viruses, identify cases, maintain surveillance and track the health of infected patients. Such nurses have been in high demand due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The healthcare sector required specialized workers to maintain case count of infections, monitor isolation of patients, and record their recovery status & health complications arising out of the disease.
- ER (Emergency Room) Nurse: An ER nurse may be required to perform an array of tasks at any point in time. Some of the primary functions are evaluating the patient’s condition providing proper medication and treatment to stabilize the patient’s health.
- Pediatric Nurse: A pediatric nurse is specialized in the treatment and taking care of children. They assist in providing medical care for children from newborns to adolescents. Even their demand increased during the covid-19 pandemic as it was uncertain how the virus would react after infecting children. At least 10% of the worldwide covid-19 cases were amongst children under 16.
- Nurse Administrator: The primary responsibility of a nurse administrator within a hospital is to coordinate and oversee the different units of nursing teams. To become a nurse administrator, one is expected to have good organizational management skills. They are responsible for making crucial decisions related to nurses, such as staffing, budgeting, and working policy.
- Palliative Nursing: Palliative care nursing involves assessing, diagnosing, and treating human responses to actual or potentially life-limiting disease, and it needs a dynamic, caring interaction with the patient and family to alleviate suffering. Patients’ homes, residential hospice centers, clinics, long-term and skilled care facilities, and acute in-patient institutions are all places where palliative care nurses work. Palliative nurses should adapt to fulfill patients’ and their families’ physical, emotional, social, and spiritual needs.
- Nursing Midwifery: A nurse-midwife assists women through the process of pregnancy, childbirth, and during the postpartum phase. They conduct physical examinations, diagnose and treat medical ailments, and may even issue prescriptions in some cases. Nurse-midwives work in different set-ups such as hospitals, clinics, birth centers, and private households.
- Geriatric Nursing: Geriatric nursing is concerned with taking care of old people. Geriatric nurses are trained to understand the complex health issues of old people, both physical and mental. Geriatric nurses are expected to be experienced and skilled in patient care, treatment planning, education, mental health, and rehabilitation.
- Trauma Nursing: Trauma nurses are trained to treat and diagnose traumatic injuries or diseases that put their patients’ bodies and lives in immediate danger. Given the severity of critical patients, trauma nurses must be skilled in a wide range of advanced life support equipment and medically stabilizing techniques.
Average salary of Nurses
After the emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic, the demand for nurses has increased worldwide. Hospitals have been facing shortages of health workers. Due to the same reason, the government has been providing more incentives and security to nurses to encourage more people to join the profession. Hospitals, too, have increased nurses’ salaries to retain existing ones and hire new ones, as it’s uncertain when the covid cases may start to rise and when the pandemic will be reduced to an endemic.
The following are the average salaries of nurses in different countries as of 2022:
- USA- USD 81,410 per year. (US Bureau of labor statistics)
- UK- USD 44,500-47,300 per year. (takes into account the average amount of experience of a UK nurse, and data collected on major job boards)
- Canada- USD 69, 740 per year. (Economic Research Institute)
- Australia- USD 56, 800 (Australia Talent)
Duration for completing Nursing education
|USA & Canada||4 years||2 years||3-5 years|
|UK & Australia||3-4 years||2-3 years||3-5 years|
|Others||3-4 years||2-3 years||3-6 years|
Top 50 Universities for Nursing based on various rankings
|QS Rankings||Shanghai Rankings||US World News Rankings||University||Country||Bachelors Programs||Masters Programs|
|1||1||3||University of Pennsylvania||USA||Click here||Click here|
|2||14||NA||King’s College London||UK||Click here||Click here|
|3||3||1||Johns Hopkins University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|4||24||6||University of Washington||USA||Click here||Click here|
|5||15||NA||University of Manchester||UK||Click here||Click here|
|6||8||9||University of California, San Francisco||USA||Click here||Click here|
|7||23||17||Yale University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|8||7||6||University of North Carolina||USA||Click here||Click here|
|9||9||NA||University of Southampton||UK||Click here||Click here|
|10||28||3||Duke University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|11||11||NA||University of Technology||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|12||17||NA||University of Toronto||Canada||Click here||Click here|
|13||10||NA||University of Sydney||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|14||41||NA||University of Alberta||Canada||Click here||Click here|
|15||NA||NA||McMaster University||Canada||Click here||Click here|
|16||6||NA||Monash University||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|17||38||11||University of Michigan||USA||Click here||Click here|
|18||46||5||Columbia University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|19||20||2||Emory University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|20||4||NA||Karolinska Institutet||Sweden||Click here||Click here|
|21||NA||NA||University of Pittsburgh||USA||Click here||Click here|
|22||38||NA||The Chinese University of Hong Kong||Hong Kong||Click here||Click here|
|23||34||NA||National University of Singapore||Singapore||Click here||Click here|
|24||29||12||New York University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|25||2||NA||Griffith University||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|26||–||NA||The University of Edinburgh||UK||Click here||Click here|
|27||51-75||NA||University of British Columbia||Canada||Click here||Click here|
|28||76-100||16||University of California, Los Angeles||USA||Click here||Click here|
|29||35||NA||University of Turku||Finland||Click here||Click here|
|30||30||NA||Deakin University||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|31||5||NA||Queensland University of Technology||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|32||76-100||NA||McGill University||Canada||Click here||Click here|
|33||49||NA||The University of Melbourne||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|34||51-75||9||The Ohio State University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|35||51-75||NA||The University of Auckland||New Zealand||Click here||Click here|
|36||26||NA||The University of Newcastle||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|37||51-75||NA||University of Nottingham||UK||Click here||Click here|
|38||151-200||NA||Seoul National University||South Korea||Click here||Click here|
|39||5||NA||The University of Queensland||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|40||76-100||NA||The University of Hong Kong||Hong Kong||Click here||Click here|
|41||101-150||NA||Ulster University||UK||Click here||Click here|
|42||18||NA||Australian Catholic University||Australia||Click here||Click here|
|43||101-150||24||Pennsylvania State University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|44||48||NA||The Hong Kong Polytechnic University||Hong Kong||Click here||Click here|
|45||51-75||18||University of Illinois||USA||Click here||Click here|
|46||101-150||NA||Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin||Ireland||Click here||Click here|
|47||32||NA||Lund University||Sweden||Click here||Click here|
|48||101-150||8||Vanderbilt University||USA||Click here||Click here|
|49||51-75||NA||University College Cork||Ireland||Click here||Click here|
|50||151-200||NA||University of Calgary||Canada||Click here||Click here|
Top Nursing Universities in USA
|University||QS Rankings||US World News Rankings||Bachelors programs||Masters Programs|
|University of Pennsylvania||1||3||Click here||Click here|
|Johns Hopkins University||2||1||Click here||Click here|
|University of Washington||3||6||Click here||Click here|
|University of California, San Francisco||4||9||Click here||Click here|
|Yale University||5||17||Click here||Click here|
Top Nursing Universities in Canada
|University||QS Rankings||Maclean’s Rankings||Bachelor’s Programs||Master’s Programs|
|University of Toronto||1||3||Click here||Click here|
|University of Alberta||2||1||Click here||Click here|
|McMaster University||3||5||Click here||Click here|
|University of British Columbia||4||2||Click here||Click here|
|McGill University||5||4||Click here||Click here|
Top Nursing Universities United Kingdom
|University||Nursing Times Rankings||QS World Rankings||Bachelor’s Programs||Master’s Programs|
|King’s College London||1||1||Click here||Click here|
|University of Manchester||2||2||Click here||Click here|
|University of Southampton||3||3||Click here||Click here|
|University of Edinburgh||4||4||Click here||Click here|
|University of Nottingham||5||5||Click here||Click here|
Top Nursing Universities in Australia
|Universities||QS Rankings||Shanghai Rankings||Bachelor’s Programs||Master’s Programs|
|University of Technology||1||2||Click here||Click here|
|University of Sydney||2||3||Click here||Click here|
|Monash University||3||4||Click here||Click here|
|University of Melbourne||4||5||Click here||Click here|
|Griffith University||5||1||Click here||Click here|
Academic requirements for studying Nursing in a top-ranked university
Requirements for studying bachelors in nursing may vary from country to country, university to university. However, in all top-ranked universities, the minimum requirements for studying bachelors are:
- Completed senior secondary school
- Minimum 80% or 3.0 GPA on a 4.0 scale in 12th class (varies with the university)
- Studied chemistry, English, and biology at the senior secondary level.
- Proof of English proficiency through recognized tests (TOEFL-90-100, IELTS-6.5-7).
- A strong Statement of Purpose (SOP)
- Although work experience is not mandatory and expected, universities may prefer students who have worked in the healthcare sector through volunteering, internships, etc.
Different universities may have different requirements of GPA and subjects required to be studied before applying to their programs. Some universities also offer nursing courses with a foundation year, where basics are taught to those students who want to become nurses but did not study the required subjects before college.
For the Master’s degree as well, the requirement varies depending on the eligibility criteria set by the universities. But the commonly demanded requirements by top-ranked universities are as follows:
- A transcript of a Bachelor’s degree.
- Official transcript of scorecards
- A minimum GPA of 2.5 at bachelor’s level. The higher the GPA, the greater is the chance of getting into top-ranked universities.
- Updated resume with relevant work experience in the field of nursing.
- GRE score (varies with different universities).
- Current license to practice as a registered nurse.
- The minimum work experience preferred by top universities in nursing is 1 year.
- IB (International Baccalaureate) score (if required)-at least 30 points.
Entrance exams to be passed for becoming a registered nurse or a practicing nurse
- National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX)
The NCLEX is a national level examination held in the USA, Canada, and Australia for the purpose of licensing nurses in the countries. It was introduced in the USA in 1982, then recognized by Canada in 2015 and by Australia in 2020. It is a computerized test developed and regulated by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN). There are two types of exams under NCLEX:
- NCLEX-RN (Registered Nurse)
- NCLEX-PN (Practical Nurse)
The NCLEX exam is conducted at Pearson Professional Centre. Each candidate’s exam will be unique. Each question relies on the previous question’s answer. A candidate can be asked anywhere between 75 and 265 questions. Only the first 60 of the exam’s 75 questions will be counted, with the remaining 15 questions retained for future assessment. The exam is divided into three levels:
- Tests candidates’ knowledge and understanding
- Tests candidates’ analysis and application
- Test candidates’ qualitative aptitude.
Syllabus for NCLEX
The syllabus is not fixed and exhaustive and continuously changed. The questions asked depend on the specialization of the candidate. Some of the common topics on which questions occur are
- Safe and effective care environment.
- Coordination of care.
- Safety and infection control.
- Health promotion and maintenance.
- Psychosocial integrity.
- Physiological integrity.
- Basic care and comfort.
- Pharmacological and parenteral therapies.
- Reduction of risk potential.
- Physiological adaptation.
- Nursing and Midwifery Council Exam (UK)
To become a practicing nurse in the UK, one must be registered with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). The registration process involves a computer-based test, which can be taken from anywhere in the world. The test comprises 120 multiple choice questions, and the duration is 4 hours. The test pattern is as follows:
- 50 questions will be from generic nursing concepts.
- 50 questions will be the generic application of nursing concepts to the specific field of nursing for which the candidate has applied (pediatric nursing, cardiac nurse, etc).
- 20 questions will be the specific application of nursing concepts of the specific field of nursing for which the candidate has applied.